Emile de Antonio (1919-1989) was a leftist documentary filmmaker who attended Harvard in the same class as John F. Kennedy and described himself as a “Marxist among capitalists.” De Antonio worked primarily with pre-existing footage, relying solely on editing (he disdained narration as “inherently fascist”) to create his stinging, often riveting critiques of the American establishment. He continually ran afoul of the government and the FBI and on one occasion, during the making of a film about the radical Weather Underground movement, received support in his battle for artistic freedom from a number of Hollywood figures including Warren Beatty, Hal Ashby, Mel Brooks and Jack Nicholson. —TCM.com
"I am the ultimate document. And I am also the ultimate test of the first amendment of the constitution of the United States. I took on every single hard issue there was, and the government tried to stop me, and it tried to stop me in hard ways, not simple things like taxes, I expected that, but I've been listed from everything from custodial detention(concentration camp) to having theaters ruined, my films sabotaged, everything that can be done to a filmmaker short of killing me."