Albert Camus was born on November 7, 1913, in Mondovi, Algeria. His parents were Spanish-French-Algerian (pied noir) colonists. His father, named Lucien Camus died in the Battle of Marne (1914) during WWI. His mother, named Catherine Helene Sintes was of Spanish origin, she was a mute deaf, due to a stroke, but she was able to read lips and worked as a cleaning lady, providing for her son, who loved her to tears.
Camus studied at Algiers lycee from 1923-32, then at the University of Algiers, from where he graduated in 1936 with a degree in philosophy. While a student he joined the French Communist Party in 1934, but in 1936 he joined the ‘Le Parti du Peuple Algerien’ and was denounced by communists as ‘Trotskyite’. He was seriously influenced by the writings of ‘Andre Malraux’, ‘Andre Gide’ and Plotinus’ theory of the “One”, which became Camus’ graduation thesis (1936).
He was rejected from the French army because of tuberculosis, which he contracted in 1930’s. His first… read more