French social and literary critic, whose writings on semiotics made structuralism one of the leading intellectual movements of the 20th century. In his lifetime Barthes published seventeen books and numerous articles, many of which were gathered to form collections. His ideas have offered alternatives to the methods of traditional literary scholarship. Barthes’ writings have had a considerable following among students and teachers both in and outside France.
Roland Barthes was born in Cherbough, Manche. After his father’s death in a naval battle in 1916, Barthes’ mother Henriette Binger Barthes moved to Bayonne, where Barthes spent his childhood. In 1924 she moved with her son to Paris, where Barthes attended the Lycée Montaigne (1924-30) and Lycée Louis-le-Grand (1930-34). “Not an unhappy youth,” Barthes later recalled, “thanks to the affection which surrounded me, but an awkward one, because of the solitude and material constraint.” In 1927 Henriette gave birth to an illegitimate… read more