Spanish film pioneer Segundo de Chomón (1871, Teruel-1929, Paris) spent most of his influential career associated with Pathé Laboratories. Chomón joined the company in 1901 and set up a laboratory for adding color to film in Barcelona. He started directing newsreels the following year. Chomón’s innovations include the development of several camera tricks, including single-frame techniques, optical dissolves, and complicated traveling shots.
In 1902, Chomón successfully combined live-action with miniatures in the short Choque de trenes (Collision of Trains). In 1905, he was the first Spanish filmmaker to use stop-motion techniques in Eclipse de sol (Eclipse of the Sun). Toward the end of 1905, Chomón relocated to Paris to direct over 100 short films for Pathé; he also shared his techniques with other directors. He first used the traveling shot (the first time it was ever used) in a scene for La vie et la passion de notre seigneur Jesus Christ (The Life and Passion of Jesus Christ… read more