Mother is a 1926 Soviet film directed by Vsevolod Pudovkin depicting one woman’s struggle against Tsarist rule during the Russian Revolution of 1905. The film is based on a novel of the same title by Maxim Gorky.
In this film, the mother of Pavel Vlasov is pulled into the revolutionary conflict when her husband and son find themselves on opposite sides during a worker’s strike. After her husband dies during the failed strike, she betrays her son’s ideology in order to try, in vain, to save his life. He is arrested, tried in what amounts to a judicial farce, and sentenced to heavy labor in a prison camp. During his incarceration, his mother aligns herself with him and his ideology and joins the revolutionaries. In the climax of the movie, the mother and hundreds of others march to the prison in order to free the prisoners, who are aware of the plan and have planned their escape. Ultimately, the troops of the Tsar suppress the uprising, killing both mother and son in the final scenes. —Wikipedia
A physics and chemistry student in his adopted home town of Moscow, Vsevolod I. Pudovkin joined the Russian artillery upon the outbreak of World War I. Wounded in 1915, Pudovkin spent three years in a German POW camp before escaping and returning to Moscow. After working briefly as a writer and chemist, he entered the Russian film industry, inspired by a screening of D.W. Griffith’s Intolerance (1916). While attending the State Cinema school, Pudovkin worked as an assistant on a number of propaganda films. In 1922, he enrolled as a student at Lev Kuleshov’s experimental film lab, where under the influence of Kuleshov he began developing the theories of Montage that would prove so influential not only to his future work, but to the output of many another Russian director. One of Pudovkin’s favorite experiments involved intercutting a “passive” close-up of a man or woman displaying no discernible emotion with evocative shots of a dog, a plate of food, a child, a coffin etc. This… read more