Documentary about the resistance of the Chinese against the Japanese invasion and occupation from Manchuria. The Chinese had joined forces against this common enemy. The Nationalist Kuomintang, led by Chiang Kai-shek and the Communist Party cooperated, at least on paper.
The film opens with a Japanese bombardment of Hankow, shows all aspects of warfare: the field battles, the refugees, dead and wounded, fear and human suffering. The film also places the resistance in the context of China’s ancient culture. With images from Sun Yat-sen, Chiang Kai-shek, his wife Song Meiling and the future prime minister Zhou Enlai. Ivens cooperates again with cameraman John Fernhout (Ferno) and with photographer Robert Capa, as he did making The Spanish Earth. The music by Hanns Eisler is the first score composed with the twelve tone technique of Eisler’s teacher Arnold Schönberg. —ivens.nl
Joris Ivens (18 November 1898, Nijmegen – 28 June 1989, Paris) was a Dutch documentary filmmaker and committed communist.
Born into a wealthy family, Ivens went to work in his father’s photo supply shop and from there developed an interest in film. He completed his first film at 13; in college he studied economics with the goal of continuing his father’s business, but an interest in class issues distracted him from that path. Originally his work focused on technique – some argue that it had that focus at the cost of relevance, especially in Rain (Regen, 1929), a 10-minute short filmed over 2 years which features impressive cinematography and a number of ‘characters’ (but no information about them aside from what was visible) and in The Bridge (De Brug, 1928), which showed a frank admiration of engineering and also featured a number of “characters” but again did not give any information about them.
In 1931 Ivens went to the Soviet Union… read more
watch it here: http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMjM3MDQ0NDA=.html not the best quality, but it is possible to see it fully.
After the war, MacArthur decided it was necessary for the recovery of the Japanese nation to maintain continuity in the form of the Emperor. SO everybody involved in War Crimes trials scrupulously avoided any mention of Hirohito. Even the defendants played along, despite the fact that it would have helped their cases to claim that they were following orders. When Tojo told his lawyer that the subjects of Japan can never say or do anything against His Majesty's will the prosecutors convinced him to to say that on the stand
"Radio Tokyo(Edo) calling our daily broadcast, we have received letters asking why our Divine Emperor(Hirohito) send its soldiers and sailor to visit in China the answer is simple our cruisers are steaming up the Yangtze river on a mission of peace, the chinese women offered our soldiers with flowers many beautiful flowers." The US ships %54 or war materials that will go to Japan. I wonder what China could of been.