One of the earliest examples of Brazilian cinema, this film depicts the perilous journey of Pedro Álvares Cabral’s armada from Portugal to Brazil. Though somewhat rudimentary compared to other films of the period, The Discovery of Brazil distinguishes itself with its scenes of indigenous people and Portuguese explorers on the beach, and in the imaginative lighting on board the ship. But the real star is the beautiful cantata by Villa Lobos that permeates the film. —MoMA
Humberto Duarte Mauro (30 April 1897 – 5 October 1983) was a Brazilian film director. His best known work is Ganga Bruta. He is often considered the greatest director of early Brazilian cinema.
Mauro was born on a farm in Volta Grande, Minas Gerais to Caetano Mauro, an Italian immigrant, and Tereza Duarte. At an early age he showed an interest in music and mechanics. He played the violin and mandolin. He studied electromechanics at a school in Belo Horizonte. After one year at the school, Mauro joined his parents in Cataguases. During the time electricity began to be used in central Brazil. Mauro got a job installing electricity in local farms. He also constructed the first apparatus for radio reception in Cataguases. In 1916 he moved to Rio de Janeiro to work as an electrician. In 1918 he returned to Cataguases. After purchasing a Kodak camera in 1923, Mauro met Pedro Cornello the leading photographer in Cataguases. Both were interested in cinema, and Mauro was a fan of American… read more