Freshness, vitality, sweeping away old unwanted stuffy traditions..
Here i’m gonna take the essentials from some countries that really made their mark in the 60s. While epitomising light spontaneity and a certain joie-de-vivre, the French had their intellectual left bank too. Agnes Varda’s La Pointe Courte (1956) places her as the mother (not grandmother!) of the Nouvelle Vague, though some have laid claims for Chabrol’s Le Beau Serge.
More narrative-driven, in Czechoslovakia the 60s and “Prague Spring” had a witty, sometimes darkly satirical, mischievous spirit.
Spearheaded by Oshima and Imamura, following on from Crazed Fruit’s youthful panache in the 50s, the Japanese New Wave was politically confrontational, rebellious, disaffected and sexually edgy.
In Brazil directors like Rocha (with his vibrant and baroque self-confidence) were seeking a new distinctive indigenous and national voice with which to assert independence from colonialism, and other parts of Latin America took up Cinema Novo’s call. I’m allowing a little leeway, including Sganzerla’s Red Light Bandit, an underground offshoot
The 60s was a time of wonderful vitality in the development of many national cinemas, a remarkable surge for neglected regions of the world, so this list, concentrating on certain major movements, doesn’t do justice to what was going on worldwide and the geographical spread, including Africa and Asian countries.
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