Anti-film is, in other words, a cinema in which the artist declares an oppositional position by creating and expressing his or her own method against the dominant écriture. This, for instance, is the case with Nanni Moretti, Aki Kaurismäki or Arnaud Desplechin. When I said that, the situation was quite dire: such a cinema was on the verge of extinction. However, through them, the struggle has lived on and they have achieved considerable success in Europe today. That is a good thing.