The term African cinema refers to the film production in Africa, following formal independence. Some of the countries in North Africa (such as the cinema of Egypt, for example) developed a national film industry much earlier and are related to West Asian cinema. Often, African Cinema also includes directors from among the African diaspora.
African cinema focuses on social and political themes rather than any commercial interests, and is an exploration of the conflicts between the traditional past and modern times. The political approach of African film makers is clearly evident in the Charte du cinéaste africain (Charta of the African cinéaste) which the union of African film makers FEPACI adopted in Algiers in 1975.
The filmmakers start by recalling the neocolonial condition of African societies. “The situation contemporary African societies live in is one in which they are dominated on several levels: politically, economically and culturally.” African filmmakers stressed their solidarity with progressive filmmakers in other parts of the world. African cinema is often seen a part of Third Cinema.
Some African filmmakers, for example Ousmane Sembène, try to give back African history to African people by remembering the resistance to European and Islamic domination.
The role of the African filmmaker is often compared to traditional Griots. Like them their task is to express and reflect communal experiences. Patterns of African oral literature often recur in African films. African film has also been influenced by traditions from other continents such as Italian neorealism, Brazilian Cinema Novo and the theatre of Bertolt Brecht.
:List includes following countries:
1) Yeelen (1987)
2) Sambizanga (1972)
3) Ceddo (1977)
4) Hyenas (1992)
5) Camp de Thiaroye (1987)
6) Saaraba (1988)
7) Xala (1975)
8) Tilai (1980)
9) Bamako (2006)
10) Black Girl (1972)Read less