Basically films that were conceived in some way from another production and cannot exist without the original.
Inspired by: https://henridecorinth.wordpress.com/2016/03/22/on-portabellas-cuadecuc-vampir/
1) A film compiled together using the original’s outtakes.
2) Behind-the-scenes footage compiled together to make a film. BtS documentaries alone don’t qualify unless they’re doing something different with the material.
3) A separate film that was made using the original’s budget (i.e. two films for the price of one).
4) Re-edit of the original to form something new.
5) Patchworks comprised solely of footage from multiple films.
6) A short film or draft that was later expanded into a feature film.
My list is arranged to have the weird ‘twin’ first followed by the original. In the case of Example 6, however, the earlier ‘draft’ will be presented first as it is usually lesser known than the later feature.
Some films are made from more than two works but to keep things tidy, I just present the twin and one of the original films it piggbacks on.
Feel free to suggest any along with their originals!
Les Gloutonnes (1973-4) – This is actually a porn mutant that shares similarities with multiple films. Les Exploits érotiques de Maciste dans l’Atlantide (1973) is the real twin of The Lustful Amazons. Originally, Franco was hired to just direct Amazons but managed to convince Robert de Nesle to let him shoot another Maciste film using the same budget. Two Macistes for the price of one if you will. The Esmeralda inserts in La maldicion de Frankenstein (1973) contain similar footage shot during l’Atlantide. Later, De Nesle had Franco shoot porn inserts for the 1974 mutant. Similar porn inserts from the same 1974 shoot can also be found in Les Croqueuses, the porn version of La Comtesse Perverse. Furthermore, Les Croqueuses is a porn hybrid that contains genes from Lorna the Exorcist, taking the form of a comedic subplot starring Lina Romay and Caroline Rivière at La Grande Motte. Far out! I hope this makes sense.
Golden Jail (1976) – Eurocine collage made from Crimson, the Color of Blood (1973), Pigalle (dir. Pierre Chevalier), Carrefour des Illusions, new erotic acts shot by Jess Franco, and stock footage of an Asian city.
Justine (1979) – This is an Italian collage edited by Joe D’Amato from three Franco films: Julietta 69 (the main shell), Midnight Party, and Shining Sex. The original Julietta 69 is currently lost.
Claire (1983) – Like Justine (1979), another Italian collage. This time made from: Je Brule de Partout, Elles font tout, Cocktail Spécial (pictured), and some Mark Shannon porn.
Helter Skelter (2000) – This is the first of Franco’s digital abstract films. It contains S&M footage shot specifically for the film but also includes multiple outtakes from Dr. Wong’s Virtual Hell and Vampire Blues.
Crypt of the Condemned (2012) – This is a re-edit of A Bad Day at the Cemetery. There is also Crypt of the Condemned II. I believe both Crypt films were originally one but Franco decided to split them for time reasons.
Other ‘Twins’ that aren’t on Mubi:
Zulawski’s Possession -the US release from 1983 is much shorter, with a completely different score and ridiculous psychodelic optical effects. (credit: henridecorinth)
There are two completely different versions of Leone’s Once Upon A Time in America -the original 230-minute version and a drastically shortened 145-minute version for a 1984 release that is incomprehensible (Leone originally wanted it to be a 6-hour epic divided into two films!) (credit: henridecorinth)
Paroxismus & Venus in Furs: The Italian version is a drastic re-edit of Venus in Furs (1969) with different original footage shot during the production (e.g. the full Barbara McNair music video, Wanda and Jimmy meeting a medium, Jimmy reporting Wanda’s body to the police). There are less optical effects (apart from those used to censor the sex scenes) and the ending is more grounded in reality.
Delirium & Succubus/Necronomicon – The film is completely re-edited with all the scenes out of order. New footage of creepy Gilliam-esque baby dolls are shown in the introduction and the ending has Lorna turn into a skeleton demon and throw herself off the cliff.
Her Fragrant Emulsion (1987) – Lewis Klahr manipulates footage of Mimsy Farmer in Road to Salina (1969).
” …bits of cut-up film are glued and taped to clear film leader, then force-fed through a projector and rephotographed, giving the final scratched and blurred images a distinctly handmade feel….The original material has been cut into jagged vertical strips and the images look like animated strips of photo stills. The mutilated pictures seem to float side to side. They jostle the dirty leader for space, creating an internal montage in which they are read not only in succession but in tandem.” – Manhola Dargis, Village Voice