The Nouvelle Vague was a blanket term coined by critics for a group of French filmmakers of the late 1950s and 1960s, influenced by Italian Neorealism and classical Hollywood cinema. Although never a formally organized movement, the New Wave filmmakers were linked by their self-conscious rejection of classical cinematic form and their spirit of youthful iconoclasm and is an example of European art cinema. Many also engaged in their work with the social and political upheavals of the era, making their radical experiments with editing, visual style and narrative part of a general break with the conservative paradigm.
Maybe some of the most prominent pioneers among the group, including François Truffaut, Jean-Luc Godard, Éric Rohmer, Claude Chabrol, and Jacques Rivette, began as critics for the famous film magazine Cahiers du cinéma.
But after the revolution of 68’ May, a new Vague (wave) of young director start to focalize the escense of Nouvelle Vague in an experimental way, and more liberal. They represented the most youngest voices of the revolution.
The new pioneer were Philippe Garrel, Jean Eustache, Bertrand Tavernier, André Techinè or Maurice Pialat.
On the fist time this amateur directors try with the experimental, and Avant Garde movies, like the first short movies from Eustache, or the Zanzibar productions from Philippe Garrel movies, like The Revelateur, or Le Lit de La Vierge. But in the 70’s that new directors change to a new focus, the narrative films, that folow the structure of the traditional Nouvelle Vague.