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REASON, REVOLUTION AND WAR: 18TH CENTURY FRANCE AND THE NAPOLEONIC ERA

by Kenji
REASON, REVOLUTION AND WAR: 18TH CENTURY FRANCE AND THE NAPOLEONIC ERA by Kenji
Click on the links. here A SELECTION OF FILMS BY YEAR, with films on Napoleonic Europe included. Suggestions welcome. ~ FRANCE: CHRONOLOGY (wikipedia + additions) 1701 Battle of Carpi: In what was the first battle of the War of the Spanish succession, Austrian invaders encountered the French army at Carpi, and defeated them. 1702-12 The Camisard Rebellion 1713 War of the Spanish Succession: France and England signed the Treaty of Utrecht, under which Philip V of Spain renounced for himself and his descendants any right to the French throne. Similarly, possible heirs to the French crown renounced all rights to the rulership of Spain. 1714… Read more

Click on the links.

here

A SELECTION OF FILMS BY YEAR, with films on Napoleonic Europe included. Suggestions welcome.

~

FRANCE: CHRONOLOGY (wikipedia + additions)

1701 Battle of Carpi: In what was the first battle of the War of the Spanish succession, Austrian invaders encountered the French army at Carpi, and defeated them.

1702-12 The Camisard Rebellion

1713 War of the Spanish Succession: France and England signed the Treaty of Utrecht, under which Philip V of Spain renounced for himself and his descendants any right to the French throne. Similarly, possible heirs to the French crown renounced all rights to the rulership of Spain.

1714 War of the Spanish Succession: The Treaty of Rastatt ended hostilities between France and Austria.

1715 Louis XIV died of gangrene. His five-year-old great-grandson Louis XV succeeded him, with his nephew Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, acting as regent.

1717 Watteau’s painting “Embarkation for Cythera”:
http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/watteau/i/cythera.jpg

1720 Treaty of The Hague: France and its allies signed a treaty with Spain, thus ending the War of the Quadruple Alliance.

1723 Louis XV entered his majority.

1731 Prévost’s novel Manon Lescaut (L’Histoire du chevalier des Grieux et de Manon Lescaut)

1738 Treaty of Vienna: The signing of the treaty ended the War of the Polish Succession. France gained the Duchy of Lorraine and Bar.

1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle: The signing of the treaty, dictated by France and Britain, ended the War of the Austrian Succession. The French population was dissatisfied with the terms, considering the French conquests during the war.

Montesquieu’s book De l’esprit des lois ((On) The Spirit of the Laws)

1751-1772 Diderot’s Encylopédie

1759 Voltaire’s novel Candide

1763 Seven Years’ War: France and some allied and enemy nations sign the Treaty of Paris ending the Seven Years’ War, resulting in a major blow on French colonial possessions.

1767 Fragonard’s painting The Swing

1768 Treaty of Versailles: In order to pay its debts and being no longer able to suppress struggle for independence, the Republic of Genoa ceded Corsica to France. Corsica remained French ever since.

1771-3 Diderot’s novel Jacques le Fataliste

1774 Louis XV died. He was succeeded by his Grandson Louis XVI.

1778 France recognizes the American colonies as independent from the United Kingdom, making its involvement in the American War of Independence official. France will wage war with the United Kingdom in the Americas and other parts of the world assuring victory with the Peace of Paris.

Oxygen identified by Antoine Lavoisier

1781 The Paris Commune
La Commune (Paris, 1871), Watkins

1782 Laclos’ book Les Liaisons Dangereuses/ Dangerous Liaisons

1783 Montgolfier brothers’ public balloon flight

1785 Marquis de Sade’s notorious 120 Days of Sodom written (publication delayed)

1787 Lavoisier’s first extensive list of elements

1789 The French Revolution began with the storming of the Bastille.

1793 Former King of France Louis XVI was executed by guillotine. The National Convention had taken power a few months earlier.

The Lady and the Duke (Rohmer)

Revolutionary Paris sections took over the Convention, calling for administrative and political purges, starting 1 year and 2 months of what is known as the Reign of Terror.

Death of Marat, painted by David

Former Queen of France Marie Antoinette was executed by guillotine.

1795 The Directory seized power over the Convention.

1796 Diderot’s The Nun published posthumously
The Nun (Rivette)

1797 War of the First Coalition – The Treaty of Campo Formio is signed between France and Austria following decisive French military victories. The treaty marks the collapse of the First Coalition, composed of European powers which tried to contain Revolutionary France.

1798 The United States Congress rescinded treaties with France, a moment considered as the semi-official beginning of the Quasi-War.

1799 Coup of 18 Brumaire: General Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the French Directory, replacing it with the French Consulate.

1801 War of the Second Coalition: The Treaty of Lunéville was signed after the victory of the French Republic against the Second Coalition states (led by the Austrian and Russian Empires), marking the end of the war with only Britain left fighting France.

1802 War of the Second Coalition: The Treaty of Amiens established a peace between France and the United Kingdom.

1803 Louisiana Purchase: France sold Louisiana to the United States of America, renouncing its last territorial possessions on continental North America.

Battle of Vertières: The viscount of Rochambeau was defeated and forced to surrender to the revolutionary army of Jean-Jacques Dessalines.

1804 Haitian Revolution: Dessalines declared the independence of Haiti.

Napoleon was declared Emperor by the Senate, marking the beginning of the First French Empire and the end of the French Consulate.

Napoleon crowned himself Emperor in Notre-Dame de Paris. Napoleon had Pope Pius VII in attendance to indicate approval of the Church.

1805 War of the Third Coalition: The French Empire is victorious at the decisive Battle of Austerlitz which marks the end of the Third Coalition (Austria, Russia, United Kingdom, Sweden and others) against France and its client states.

1806 Napoleon dissolved the Holy Roman Empire, and created the Confederation of the Rhine, a union of French client states composed of 16 states in present-day Germany.

1807 War of the Fourth Coalition: The French Empire is victorious at the decisive Battle of Friedland which marks the end of the Fourth Coalition (mainly Prussia, Russia, Saxony, Sweden, and the United Kingdom) against France and its client states.

1808 Beginning of the Peninsular War which will last until Napoleon’s defeat against the Sixth Coalition in 1814.

1809 War of the Fifth Coalition: The French Empire is victorious at the decisive Battle of Wagram which marks the end of the Fifth Coalition (mainly the Austrian Empire and the United Kingdom) against France and its client states. (to 6 July)

1812 War of the Sixth Coalition: The Fire of Moscow marks the beginning of French retreat after the French invasion of Russia. The First French Empire reached the height of its power and declined henceforth with the disastrous Battle of Berezina. The Sixth Coalition will go on to win the war and Napoleon will be exiled in Elba.

1814 First Restoration: The House of Bourbon was briefly restored with Louis XVIII as King of France in an intermediate period of the Napoleonic Wars.

1815 Hundred Days: Battle of Waterloo: Napoleon is defeated by Seventh Coalition armies, definitively ending the First French Empire and the Napoleonic Wars, and marks the start of almost half a century of peace throughout Europe.

~

The Saragossa Manuscript (Has)*, Polish classic

Recommended films:

Ashes
Le Bossu
La Commune (Paris 1871)
Dangerous Liaisons
Don’t Touch the Axe
The Lady and the Duke
Napoleon (Gance)
The Nun
Ridicule
The Saragossa Manuscript
War and Peace (Bondarchuk)

(Marat/Sade is well thought of but i’ve not seen it)

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