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Alice Guy-Blaché was the first female director. She reportedly directed over 1000 films (all silents) and most are lost. At the time of her death, she thought that only three of her films had survived. Today, perhaps up to 300 of her films have survived. Here is a brief biography: July 1, 1873 – Alice Ida Antoinette Guy is born in Saint-Mande, a suburb of Paris, France 1894 – She is hired by Léon Gaumont. July 7, 1985 – Léon Gaumont starts his film company and Alice Guy becomes his “right-hand man”. She soon approaches him about directing her first film and … 1896 – She directs her first film, La fée aux choux. 1902… Read more

Alice Guy-Blaché was the first female director. She reportedly directed over 1000 films (all silents) and most are lost. At the time of her death, she thought that only three of her films had survived. Today, perhaps up to 300 of her films have survived.

Here is a brief biography:
July 1, 1873 – Alice Ida Antoinette Guy is born in Saint-Mande, a suburb of Paris, France
1894 – She is hired by Léon Gaumont.
July 7, 1985 – Léon Gaumont starts his film company and Alice Guy becomes his “right-hand man”. She soon approaches him about directing her first film and …
1896 – She directs her first film, La fée aux choux.
1902 through 1907 – Alice Guy directs over 150 phonoscenes.
1904 – Alice Guy hired Louis Feuillade and trained him as a writer and director.
December 25, 1906 – Officially engaged to Herbert Blaché-Bolton.
March 6, 1907 – Alice Guy marries Herbert Blaché-Bolton and departs from Gaumont.
September 6, 1908 – Her daughter Simone is born.
September, 1910 – She founds her own studio, Solax, after she finds that the Gaumont Flushing Studios were unused.
1911 – When she is pregnant with her second child, Lois Weber and her husband are hired to fill in for her. Lois Weber can thank Alice Guy Blaché for jumpstarting her career as a director.
June 27, 1912 – Her son Reginald is born.
1912 – She moves her studio plant to Lemoyne Ave., Fort Lee, New Jersey after the Gaumont Flushing Studios become too small.
1920 – She directs her last film (made as a director-for-hire).
1953 – She receives the Légion d’honneur.
March 16, 1957 – Cinematheque Française honors her in a ceremony.
March 24, 1968 – Died in a nursing home in Mahwah, New Jersey.

Aliases: Guy Alix, Antoine Guy

List of known films directed by Alice Guy-Blaché (from IMDB – to be expanded upon):
1920 Tarnished Reputations (as Alice Blaché)
1920 Vampire
1918 The Great Adventure
1917 Behind the Mask (as Alice Blaché)
1917 When You and I Were Young (as Alice Guy Blaché)
1917 House of Cards (as Alice Guy Blaché)
1917 A Man and the Woman (as Alice Blaché)
1917 The Empress (as Alice Guy Blaché)
1917/II The Adventurer
1916 The Ocean Waif (short) (uncredited)
1916 What Will People Say?
1915 My Madonna (as Alice Blaché)
1915 The Song of the Wage Slave (as Alice Blaché)
1915/I The Vampire (as Alice Blaché)
1915 The Heart of a Painted Woman/Le coeur d’une femme fardée According to IMDB: as Alice Guy-Blaché According to Victor Bachy: as Alice Blaché
1914 The Tigress
1914 The Lure
1914 The Woman of Mystery (as Alice Blaché)
1914 The Dream Woman (as Alice Blaché)
1914 The Monster and the Girl (as Alice Blaché)
1914 Beneath the Czar (as Alice Blaché)
1913 Shadows of the Moulin Rouge (as Alice Blaché)
1913 The Rogues of Paris (as Alice Blaché)
1913 The Little Hunchback (short)
1913 A Terrible Night (short)
1913 Matrimony’s Speed Limit (short) (uncredited)
1913/I A House Divided (short) (uncredited)
1913 Dick Whittington and his Cat (unconfirmed)
1913 The Pit and the Pendulum
1912 The Woman Behind the Man (short)
1912 The Finger Prints (short)
1912 Hearts Unknown (short)
1912 The Girl in the Arm-Chair (short)
1912/I The Face at the Window (short)
1912 Making an American Citizen (short) (uncredited)
1912 A Fool and His Money (short)
1912 Canned Harmony (short) (unconfirmed)
1912 Treasures on the Wing (short)
1912 Phantom Paradise (short)
1912 The Blood Stain (short)
1912 Fra Diavolo (short)
1912 Micky’s Pal (short) (uncredited)
1912 In the Year 2000 (short)
1912 Souls in the Shadow (short) (unconfirmed)
1912 The Wooing of Alice (short) (unconfirmed)
1912 The Reformation of Mary (short)
1912/I The Detective’s Dog (short)
1912 Child of the Tenements (short) (unconfirmed)
1912 Falling Leaves (short) (unconfirmed – uncredited)
1912 Blighted Lives (short) (unconfirmed)
1912 Algie, the Miner (short) (uncredited)
1912 God Disposes (short) (unconfirmed)
1912 Hubby Does the Washing (short) (unconfirmed)
1912 A Terrible Lesson (short) (unconfirmed)
1912 Mrs. Cranston’s Jewels (short) (unconfirmed)
1912/I Mignon (short)
1912 Playing Tramps
1911 The Doll (short)
1911 The Violin Maker of Nuremberg (short)
1911 His Mother’s Hymn (short) (unconfirmed)
1911 Greater Love Hath No Man (short)
1911 Cupid and the Comet (short) (unconfirmed)
1911 Rose of the Circus (short)
1911 A Midnight Visitor (short)
1911 Put Out (short)
1911 Out of the Arctic (short)
1911 A Costly Pledge (short)
1911 Love’s Test (short)
1911 Corinne in Dollyland (short)
1911 Mixed Pets (short)
1911 Ring of Love (short)
1911 His Best Friend (short)
1911 A Reporter’s Romance (short)
1911 The Girl and the Burglar (short)
1911 The Nightcap (short)
1911 Five O’Clock Tea (unconfirmed)
1911 Road Leads Home Story: A wife and her child are stuck at home while her husband gambles.
1911 The Cure (unconfirmed)
1911 The Little Rangers (unconfirmed)
1910 Mrs. Richard Dare (short)
1910 The Pawnshop (short)
1910 Two Suits (short)
1910 Lady Betty’s Strategy (short)
1910 What Is to Be, Will Be (short)
1910 Her Father’s Sin (short)
1910 A Widow and Her Child (short)
1910 A Fateful Gift (short)
1910 A Child’s Sacrifice (unconfirmed)
1910 The Sergeant’s Daughter (short)
1910 One Touch of Nature (short)
1908 La marâtre (unconfirmed)
1907 Madame a des envies (short) (unconfirmed)
1907 Fanfan la Tulipe
1907 La glu (short)
1907 Le ballon dirigeable ‘Le patrie’ (short)
1907 L’enfant de la barricade (short)
1907 Le piano irrésistible (short)
1907 Une héroïne de quatre ans (short)
1907 Le Frotteur aka The Cleaning Man (on Gaumont DVD/not on IMDB)
1906 Le matelas épileptique (short)
1906 La crinoline (short)
1906 La femme collante (short)
1906 La voiture cellulaire (short)
1906 Lèvres closes (short)
1906 Madame Ducordon, concierge (short)
1906 Medor douche son maître (short)
1906 Course de taureaux à Nîmes (short) (co-director)
1906 Effets de mer (short)
1906 J’ai un hanneton dans mon pantalon (short)
1906 La conquête de Trottin (short)
1906 La fée Printemps
1906 La femme du masque (short)
1906 La hiérarchie dans l’amour (short)
1906 La vérité sur l’homme-singe (short)
1906 La vie du Christ (short)
1906 Le cochon de lait (short)
1906 Le fils du garde-chasse (short)
1906 Le Noël de Monsieur le curé (short)
1906 Le songe du pêcheur (short)
1906 Les résultats du féminisme (short)
1906 Mireille (short) (co-director) Shot on location in the south of France. The negative was unusable, thanks to either the lab or new cameraman, Herbert Blaché, who would later become her husband.
1906 Questions indiscrètes (unconfirmed)
1906 Un cas de divorce (short)
1906 Une course d’obstacle (short)
1906 Une histoire roulante (short)
1906 Un soulier pour un jambon
1905 À la cabane bambou (short)
1905 Allumeur-Marche (short)
1905 Cake-walk nègre (short)
1905 C’est une ingénue (short)
1905 Chez le dentiste (short)
1905 Clown, chien et ballon (short)
1905 Cucurbitacée (short)
1905 Esmeralda (short)
1905 Espagne (short)
1905 Être légume (short)
1905 Five O’Clock Tea (short)
1905 Jeune homme et le trottin (short)
1905 La charité du prestidigitateur (short)
1905 La fifille à sa mère (short)
1905 La malagueña et le torero (short)
1905 La mattchiche (short)
1905 La paimpolaise (short)
1905 La polka des trottins (short)
1905 La statue (short)
1905 Le boléro cosmopolite (short)
1905 Le coq dressé de Cook et Rilly (short)
1905 L’enfant du cordonnier (short)
1905 Le petit Grégoire (short)
1905 Le petit panier (short)
1905 Le rire du nègre (short)
1905 Les maçons (short)
1905 Les p’tits pois (short)
1905 Le tango (short)
1905 Le trou de mon quai (short)
1905 Le vrai jiu-jitsu (short)
1905 Lilas blanc (short)
1905 Miss Helyett: Air du portrait (short)
1905 Polin, l’anatomie du conscrit (short)
1905 Réhabilitation
1905 Saharet, boléro (short)
1905 Si ça t’va (short)
1905 Valsons
1905 Viens, poupoule (short)
1905 V’la le rétameur (short)
1904 La première cigarette (short)
1904 Pierrot assassin (short)
1904 Après la fête (short)
1904 Comment on disperse les foules (short)
1904 La gavotte de la reine (short)
1904 La leçon de pipeau (short)
1904 L’assassinat du courrier de Lyon (short)
1904 Le crime de la Rue du Temple
1904 Le pompon malencontreux (short)
1904 Les deux rivaux (short)
1904 Les enfants du miracle (short)
1904 L’oiseau envolé (short)
1904 Paris la nuit
1903 Cake-walk de la pendule (short)
1903 Comment monsieur prend son bain (short)
1903 Comme on fait son lit on se couche (short)
1903 Compagnons de voyage encombrants (short)
1903 Enlèvement en automobile et mariage précipité (short)
1903 Faust et Méphistophélès (short)
1903 Illusionniste renversant (short)
1903 Jocko musicien (short)
1903 La chasse au cambrioleur (short)
1903 La main du professeur Hamilton ou le roi des dollars (short)
1903 La mouche (short)
1903 La poule fantaisiste (short)
1903 La valise enchantée (short)
1903 Le fiancé ensorcelé (short)
1903 Le liqueur du couvent (short)
1903 Les apaches pas veinards (short)
1903 Les aventures d’un voyageur trop pressé (short)
1903 Les braconniers (short)
1903 Les surprises de l’affichage (short)
1903 Le voleur sacrilège (short)
1903 Lutteurs américains (short)
1903 Modelage express (short)
1903 Ne bougeons plus (short)
1903 Nos bons étudiants (short)
1903 Potage indigeste (short)
1903 Répétition dans un cirque (short)
1903 Secours aux naufragés (short)
1903 Service précipité (short)
1902 Bonsoir m’sieurs dames (short)
1902 Danse excentrique (short)
1902 Danse fantaisiste (short)
1902 Danse mauresque (short)
1902 En faction (short)
1902 Farces de cuisinière (short)
1902 Fruits de saison (short)
1902 Intervention malencontreuse (short)
1902 La cour des miracles (short)
1902 La dent recalcitrante (short)
1902 La fiole enchantée (short)
1902 La gavotte (short)
1902 La gigue (short)
1902 La première gamelle (short)
1902 Le lion savant (short)
1902 Le marchand de ballons (short)
1902 Le pommier (short)
1902 L’équilibriste (short)
1902 Les chiens savants/Miss Dundee Dresseuse de Chiens (short)
1902 Les clowns (short)
1902 Les malabares, acrobats (documentary short)
1902 Pour secouer la salade (short)
1902 Quadrille réaliste (short)
1902 Sage-femme de première classe (short) This film is often confused with her first film, La fée aux choux since it is so similar and is considered a remake of that film.
1902 Trompé mais content (short)
1902 Une scène en cabinet particulier vue à travers le trou de la serrure (short)
1901 Charmant froufrou (short)
1901 Danses basques (short)
1901 Frivolité (short)
1901 Hussards et grisettes (short)
1901 Lavatory moderne (short)
1901 Lecture quotidienne (short)
1901 Les vagues (short)
1901 Pas de colombine (short)
1901 Scène d’amour (short)
1901 Scène d’ivresse (short)
1901 Tel est pris qui croyait prendre (short)
1900 Arrivée d’Arléquin (short)
1900 Arrivée de Pierette et Pierrot (short)
1900 Au bal de Flore (short)
1900 Avenue de l’opéra/L’opera a l’envers (short) This film is famous for its editing: it seems that cars are driving backwards.
1900 Badinage (short) Venus et Adonis ballet (Victor Bachy)
1900 Bataille de boules de neige (short)
1900 Boulevard des italiens.
1900 Chapellerie et charcuterie mécanique (short)
1900 Chez le Maréchal-Ferrant (short)
1900 Chez le photographe (short)
1900 Chirurgie fin de siècle (short)
1900 Coucher d’une Parisienne (short)
1900 Dance de l’ivresse (short)
1900 Danse du papillon (documentary short)
1900 Danse du pas des foulards par des almées (short)
1900 Danse du voile (short) Venus et Adonis ballet (Victor Bachy)
1900 Danse serpentine (documentary short)
1900 Dans les coulisses (short) aka Derriere Les Coulisses (Victor Bachy)
1900 Déclaration d’amour (short)
1900 Gavotte directoire (short)
1900 Guillaume Tell (short)
1900 Jeunes Apprentis en Recreation (Victor Bachy)
1900 La Bourse ou la Lettre
1900 La concierge (short)
1900 La danse du ventre (short)
1900 La fée aux choux, ou la naissance des enfants (short)
1900 L’angélus (short)
1900 La paysanne (short)
1900 La petite magicienne (short)
1900 La poupée noire (short)
1900 La reine des jouets (short)
1900 L’arléquine (short)
1900 La source (short)
1900 La tarentelle (short)
1900 Le bébé (short)
1900 Leçon de danse (short)
1900 Le Dejeuner Precipite
1900 L’écossaise (short)
1900 Le danse des saisons (Le Printemps: Danse des roses, L’ete: Danse de la Moisson, L’automne: Danse des Vendanges, L’hiver: Danse de la neige)
1900 Series: Les Fedaines de Pierrette
-Arrivee de Pierrette et de Pierrot Source: Victor Bachy
-Arrivee d’Arlequin Source: Victor Bachy
-Suite de la danse Source: IMDB, Victor Bachy
-Le départ d’Arlequin et de Pierrette (short) Source: IMDB, Victor Bachy
1900 Le lapin (short)
1900 Le marchand de coco (short)
1900 Le matelot (short)
1900 Le Polichinelle (short)
1900 Le sang d’Adonis donnant naissance à la rose rouge (short) Venus et Adonis ballet (Victor Bachy)
1900 L’Habanera (short)
1900 Little Tich et ses ‘Big Boots’ (short) (as Alice Guy Blaché)
1900 Mort d’Adonis (short) Venus et Adonis ballet (Victor Bachy)
1900 Pas de grâce (short)
1900 Pas des éventails (short)
1900 Pas du poignard (short)
1900 Pas Japonais (short)
1900 Retour des champs (short)
1900 Saut humidifié de M. Plick (short)
1900 Suite de la danse (short) See Les Fedaines de Pierrette (Series)
1900 Une rage de dents (short)
1900 Valse directoire (short)
1900 Valse lente (short) Source: IMDB, Wikipedia Venus et Adonis ballet (Victor Bachy)
1899 Au cabaret (short)
1899 Courte échelle (short)
1899 Danse serpentine par Mme. Bob Walter (short)
1899 Erreur judiciaire (short)
1899 La bonne absinthe (short)
1899/I La descente de croix (short)
1899 La mauvaise soupe (short)
1899/I La résurrection (short)
1899 L’aveugle (short)
1899 Le chiffonnier (short)
1899/I Le crucifiement (short)
1899 Le déjeuner des enfants (short)
1899 Les dangers de l’alcoolisme (short)
1899 Le tondeur de chiens (short)
1899 Le tonnelier (short)
1899 Mésaventure d’un charbonnier (short)
1899 Monnaie de lapin (short)
1899 Transformations (short)
1899 Un lunch (short)
1898 Bonaparte au pont d’arcole (Victor Bachy)
1898 Déménagement à la cloche de bois (short)
1898 Don Quichotte / Don Quixote (Victor Bachy)
1898 Duel de Clowns (Victor Bachy) Comic scene
1898 Episode de la Guerre Hispano-Americaine 20 mins. Genre: War (Victor Bachy)
1898 Explosion du Merrimac (Victor Bachy) 23 mins.
1898 Gendarms au vert peint 20 mins. Comic scene (Victor Bachy)
1898 Guet-Apens Sous François (Victor Bachy)
1898 Horribles Grimaces 20 mins. (Victor Bachy)
1898 Jésus devant Pilate (short)
1898 Je vous y prrrrends! (short)
1898 La cène (short)
1898 La crèche à Bethléem (short)
1898 La flagellation (short)
1898 La fuite en Égypte (short)
1898 L’aveugle fin de siècle (short)
1898 Le chemin de croix (short)
1898 Leçons de boxe (short)
1898 Le jardin des oliviers (short)
1898 Le Negre et les Macons
1898 L’entrée à Jérusalem (short)
1898 Colleurs D’affiches (Victor Bachy) 20 mins.
1898 Les farces de Jocko (short)
1898 Les Metamorphoses de Satan (40 mins)
1898 Les Petits Soldats (Victor Bachy) Comedy
1898 Les Tribulations de Madame Pipelet (Victor Bachy)
1898 L’utilité des rayons x (short)
1898 Mariage force (Victor Bachy) Comedy
1898 Quatre Jours de Clou 28 mins. Comic scene (Victor Bachy)
1898 Querelle de Soudards 29 mins. (Victor Bachy)
1898 Rouget de Lisle Chantant la Marseillaise (Victor Bachy)
1898 Scène d’escamotage (short)
1898 Surprise d’une maison au petit jour (short)
1898 Un Duel Nefaste (Victor Bachy) 20 mins.
1897 France et Russie (short)
1897 Au réfectoire (short)
1897 Baignade dans le torrent (short)
1897 Ballet libella (documentary short) in two parts according to Victor Bachy
1897 Chez le magnétiseur (short)
1897 Coucher d’Yvette (short)
1897 Danse fleur de lotus (documentary short)
1897 En classe (short)
1897 Idylle (short)
1897 Idylle interrompue (short)
1897 L’arroseur arrosé (short)
1897 L’aveugle (short)
1897 Le cocher de fiacre endormi (short)
1897 Leçon de danse (short)
1897 Le pêcheur dans le torrent (short)
1897 Le planton du colonel (short)
1897 Les cambrioleurs (short)
1897 Une nuit agitée (short)
1896-1897 Rentree Joyeuse 16.5 mins., Comedy (Victor Bachy)
1896-1897 Les Concierges 16.5 mins., Comedy (Victor Bachy)
1896 La fée aux choux (short)

THEMES IN HER FILMS

Painters painting models and then corrupting them:
My Madonna
The Heart of a Painted Woman
The Empress
Tarnished Reputations

Actors in drag:
Le matelas alcoolique
Chez le magnétiseur
L’utilité des rayons x
Officer Henderson (not at IMDB)
Cupid and the Comet
Au bal de Flore

WORKS SHE ADAPTED TO THE SCREEN
The Pit and the Pendulum (Edgar Allan Poe)
The Adventurer (Upton Sinclair)
A Man and the Woman (Emile Zola’s Nana)
Esmeralda (Victor Hugo’s The Hunchback of Notre Dame)

FILMS THAT SHE HAND-TINTED (a long and arduous process)
La fée Printemps
Falling Leaves
The Ocean Waif
Mixed Pets
Road Lead Home

Bibliography:
- IMDB
- Cinema Pioneer
-Alice Guy-Blaché: La Premiere femme cinéaste du monde by Victor Bachy

Note: I have so much more information to add. Plus, when I explore more of her filmography in March, there will be even more additions to this list.

Date Unknown
A Confesse (Victor Bachy) Comedy 25 mins.
A La Peche au Pain D’epice (Victor Bachy) 20 mins. 1899-1901
Baignade de Negres (Victor Bachy)
Baignade en Seine (Victor Bachy) 28 mins.
Bal d’enfants (Victor Bachy) 20 mins. 1899-1901
Ballet du Chatelet (Victor Bachy)
Boulanger et Charbonniere (Victor Bachy) 20 mins. Comedy 1899-1901
Chanteurs des Cours (Victor Bachy) 20 mins. 1899-1901
Le Chapeau de Tabarin (Victor Bachy)
Comme Papa (Victor Bachy) Comedy (very funny) (Victor Bachy)
Danse du Chalet du Cycle (Victor Bachy)
Danse du Soleil, de la Lune et des Etoiles (Victor Bachy)
Danse Espagnole 26 mins. (Victor Bachy)
Danse Orientale (Victor Bachy)
Les Dernieres Cartouches the war of 1870 during the Bazeilles war
Farce de Caserne Comedy
La Fille Mal et Bien Gardee (Victor Bachy) 20 mins. Comedy
La Marchande Des Quatre Saisons (Victor Bachy) 20 mins. Comedy
Nocturne 16.5 mins. Comedy (Victor Bachy)
Peinture Interrompue (Victor Bachy) 20 mins. Comedy
Pioupiou et Nounou (Victor Bachy) Comedy
La Premiere Pipe (Victor Bachy) 20 mins. 1899-1901
Le Saut-de-Mouton
Les Suites Facheuses d’une Maladresse
La Toilette du Marie (Victor Bachy) circa 1899-1901
Tuyau D’arrosage (Victor Bachy) Comedy
Une Bataille d’Oreillers (Victor Bachy) Starring: Jacques Champreux Circa: 1899-1901

Films of hers attributed to Louis Feuillade on IMDB (according to the DVD: Gaumont Treasures: 1897-1913):
Le Frotteur aka The Cleaning Man (1907)
Le bonnet à poil (1907), Le frotteur (1907)
Course à la saucisse (1907)

Visit my site: Cinema Becomes Her

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