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Chilean film chronology

by ExperimentoFilm
Not always a pretty picture. Chile’s film industry went into decline in the late 1940s and hundreds of early films are lost or out of circulation. Much of what is available is mediocre at best (usually comedies and melodramas trying to emulate Mexico’s Golden Age). The hidden gems, of which there are many, are almost all in dire need of restoration and distribution. Good documentary and fiction work started to emerge in the late 1950s (with 1967-1973 being the years of the socially committed New Chilean Cinema) but the 1980s was the most barren period, as filmmakers went into exile after the US-backed 1973 Pinochet coup and support for film… Read more

Not always a pretty picture. Chile’s film industry went into decline in the late 1940s and hundreds of early films are lost or out of circulation. Much of what is available is mediocre at best (usually comedies and melodramas trying to emulate Mexico’s Golden Age). The hidden gems, of which there are many, are almost all in dire need of restoration and distribution. Good documentary and fiction work started to emerge in the late 1950s (with 1967-1973 being the years of the socially committed New Chilean Cinema) but the 1980s was the most barren period, as filmmakers went into exile after the US-backed 1973 Pinochet coup and support for film dried up during his military dictatorship (1973-1990). The most internationally famous Chilean directors (Alejandro Jodorowsky, Raúl Ruiz and Patricio Guzmán) made their names abroad – Miguel Littin, Silvio Caiozzi and Andrés Wood were probably the best known Chilean directors in Chile itself.

Partly thanks to the State’s improved cultural policies since 2000, production has increased greatly between 1990 and 2018 (15 or so features are currently being made annually rather than just 1 or 2). From 2005 onwards, young auteurs of the so-called Newest Chilean Cinema like Alejandro Fernández Almendras (b.1971), Marcela Said (b.1972), Alicia Scherson (b.1974), Sebastián Lelio (b.1974), Pepa San Martín (b.1974), José Luis Torres Leiva (b.1975), Cristián Jiménez (b.1975), Pablo Larraín (b.1976), Marialy Rivas (b.1976), Matías Bize (b.1979), Sebastián Silva (b.1979) and Dominga Sotomayor Castillo (b.1985) have started doing interesting work which has received international festival and even Oscar recognition.

It should be added that mainstream Hollywood product usually dominates Chilean cinemas, though locally made biopics and sex comedies (often direct tie-ins with talk radio and reality TV) sometimes do find a large audience. There are also genre-minded guys like Ernesto Díaz Espinoza (b.1978), Jorge Olguín (b.1977), Patricio Valladares (b.1982) and Nicolás López (b.1983) who no doubt would like a Hollywood career like Alexander Witt, Claudio Miranda, Spanish-Chilean Alejandro Amenábar or Swedish-Chilean Daniel Espinosa.

Chilean films which are well known outside Chile:
The Battle of Chile (1975), La frontera (1991), Machuca (2004), Tony Manero (2008), La nana (2009), Nostalgia for the Light (2010), No (2012, the first Chilean film to be nominated for Best Foreign Language Film Oscar), Gloria (2013), A Fantastic Woman (2017, Chile’s second nomination becomes its first winner)

Chilean films which are well known in Chile:
The Big Chamorro Circus (1955), Largo viaje (1967), Three Sad Tigers (1968), Jackal of Nahueltoro (1969), Valparaiso My Love (1969), Little White Dove (1973), Julio Begins in July (1977), Johnny 100 Pesos (1994), Gringuito (1998), El chacotero sentimental (1999), Coronation (2000), Taxi para tres (2001), Ogu and Mampato in Rapa Nui (2002), Sexo con amor (2003), Subterra (2004), Machuca (2004), El rey de los huevones (2006), Que pena tu vida (2010), Violeta se fue a los cielos (2011), Que pena tu boda (2011), Que pena tu familia (2012), Stefan v/s Kramer (2012), El ciudadano Kramer (2013), Bear Story (2014, Chile’s first Oscar winner – for Short Animation), Sin filtro (2016), No estoy loca (2018)

Directors:
Adelqui Migliar (1891-1956)
Pedro Sienna (1893-1972)
Jorge Délano ‘Coke’ (1895-1980)
Alberto Santana (1897-1966)
Juan Pérez Berrocal (1898-1988)
Eugenio de Liguoro (1899-1952)
José Bohr (1901-1994)
Tito Davison (1912-1985)
Rafael Sánchez (1920-2006)
Patricio Kaulen (b.1921)
Naum Kramarenco (b.1923)
Fernando Balmaceda (1923-2014)
Armando Parot (1923-1995)
Aldo Francia (1923-1996)
Sergio Bravo (b.1927)
Claudio Guzmán (1927-2008)
Alejandro Jodorowsky (b.1929)
Claudio Di Girólamo (b.1929)
Helvio Soto (1930-2001)
Pedro Chaskel (b.1932)
Alvaro Covacevich (b.1933)
Raúl Ruiz (1941-2011)
Patricio Guzmán (b.1941)
Miguel Littin (b.1942)
Rolando Klein (b.1942)
Silvio Caiozzi (b.1944)
Carlos Flores del Pino (b.1944)
Marilú Mallet (b.1944)
Valeria Sarmiento (b.1948)
Claudio Sapiaín (1948-2010)
Sebastián Alarcón (b.1949)
Cristián Sánchez (b.1951)
Ignacio Agüero (b.1952)
Gonzalo Justiniano (b.1955)
Andrés Wood (b.1965)
Sebastián Lelio (b.1974)
Pablo Larraín (b.1976)

Actors:
Eugenio Retes (1895-1985)
Antonio Prieto (1926-2011)
Luis Alarcón (b.1930)
Nelson Villagra (b.1937)
Sergio Hernández (b.1957)
Alfredo Castro (b.1962)

Actresses:
Rosita Serrano (1914-1997)
Bélgica Castro (b.1921)
Malú Gatica (1922-1997)
Chela Bon (1930-2010)
Gloria Münchmeyer (b.1940)
Valentina Vargas (b.1964)
Amparo Noguera (b.1965)
Leonor Varela (b.1972)

Writers:
Alberto Blest Gana (1830-1920)
Gabriela Mistral (1889-1957)
Pablo Neruda (1904-1973)
María Luisa Bombal (1910-1980)
Nicanor Parra (b.1914)
José Donoso (1924-1996)
Antonio Skármeta (b.1940)
Ariel Dorfman (b.1942)
Isabel Allende (b.1942)
Luis Sepúlveda (b.1949)
Diamela Eltit (b.1949)
Pedro Lemebel (b.1952)
Roberto Bolaño (1953-2003)
Roberto Ampuero (b.1953)
Alberto Fuguet (b.1964)

Cinematographers:
Héctor Ríos (b.1927)
Jorge Müller Silva (1947-1974)
Claudio Miranda (b.1964)

Composers:
Alfonso Leng (1894-1974)
Gustavo Becerra-Schmidt (1925-2010)
Luis Advis (1935-2004)
Sergio Ortega (1938-2003)
Jorge Arriagada (b.1943)

Non-Chilean films of interest:
The Battles of Coronel and Falkland Islands (1927, Summers)
In Search of the Castaways (1962, Stevenson)
State of Siege (1972, Costa-Gavras)
The Suns of Easter Island (1972, Kast)
The Embassy (1973, Marker)
La victoria (1973, Lilienthal)
The Tiger Leaps and Kills but It Will Die… It Will Die (1973, Álvarez)
Lördags Chile (1974, Nestler)
It’s Raining on Santiago (1974, Soto)
Earthquake in Chile (1975, Sanders-Brahms)
La spirale (1976, Mattelart, Mayoux, Meppiel and Marker)
Letters from Marusia (1976, Littin)
Cantata de Chile (1976, Solás)
Night Over Chile (1977, Alarcón and Kosarev)
I See This Land from Afar (1978, Ziewer)
Prisioneros desaparecidos (1979, Castilla)
Missing (1982, Costa-Gavras)
Sweet Country (1987, Kakogiannis)
Terre sacrée (1988, Pacull)
Death and the Maiden (1994, Polanski)
Chili con carne (1999, Gilou)
Southern Cross (1999, Becket)
Waking the Dead (2000, Gordon)
11 09 01 September 11 (2002, the Loach segment)
The Motorcycle Diaries (2004, Salles)
Pinochet’s Last Stand (2006, Curson Smith)
The Black Pimpernel (2007, Faringer)
Quantum of Solace (2008, Forster)
The Dancer and the Thief (2009, Trueba)
German Souls – Life After The Colonia Dignidad (2009, Farkas and Zuber)
Vicenta (2014, Valencia)
El Legado (2015, Anjari-Rossi)
Colonia (2015, Gallenberger)
Adrift (2016, Le Couteur)

Threads:
What’s your favorite chilean film?
Movies from Chile and other Latin American Films
Cuales piensan que son las mejores películas chilenas?

Other lists:
pelis chilenas (ainosat​toram)
Cine Chileno (Mauro)
cine chileno (David Germán Ordenes)
EL NOVISIMO CINE CHILENO (Gonzalo Maza)
¡Viva Chile, mierda! (Agustin​a)
Chile (paulo machado)
Cine//B_3: 10 películas chilenas en competencia. (antonin​o)
Chile’s Oscar submissions
Altazor for Best Director

More regional lists:
Argentina In Mubi (Lucas Granero)
Cine Peruano and Other Peru Bits (Amy)
Unheard Voices: Cinema of Bolivia (kuxa kanema)
Uruguayan Cinema (Kolar)
América Latina: Los Andes (América Latina The List)

Spanish-language audiovisual resources:
Cine chileno online (Chilean films for free)
Historias del cine chileno (in-depth interviews with Chilean filmmakers)
Gato Vargas and RBN1967 (YouTube channels with many goodies)

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