Italy, 1950s – 00s
Italy produced many auteurs* throughout its history, including Federico Fellini, Michelangelo Antonioni, Roberto Rossellini, Vittorio De Sica, Sergio Leone, Dario Argento, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Bernardo Bertolucci, Mario Bava, Lucio Fulci, Mario Monicelli, Marco Ferreri, Ermanno Olmi, Umberto Lenzi, Lina Wertmüller, and Luchino Visconti.
*In film criticism, the 1950s-era auteur theory holds that a director’s films reflect that director’s personal creative vision, as if he were the primary “auteur” (the French word for “author”). In spite of—and sometimes even because of—the films in question being made as part of an industrial process, the author’s creative voice is distinctive enough to shine through all kinds of studio interference. In some cases, film producers are considered to have a similar “auteur” role for films that they have produced.
In chronological order from the earliest.Read less