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LITHUANIAN CINEMA IN 1947-1989

by Somnambulist
Watching Lithuanian movies was probably more related to that external aspect of life, which you would eventually consider to be a false and official presentation. film critic Živilė Pipinytė Lithuanian Documentary Cinema on the Internet [e-Cinema] __________ It was 1897 when the first public show of cinema took place in Lithuania, Vilnius. 8 years later the first cinema theatre was founded. The number of cinemas spread to 30 till 1911 where Russian, Italian and later American and German films were shown. The Lithuanian cinematography art was founded by Kaunas photographer Vladislovas Starevičius later the art was developed by other… Read more

Watching Lithuanian movies was probably more related to that external aspect of life, which you would eventually consider to be a false and official presentation.

film critic Živilė Pipinytė

__________

Lithuanian Documentary Cinema on the Internet [e-Cinema]
__________

It was 1897 when the first public show of cinema took place in Lithuania, Vilnius. 8 years later the first cinema theatre was founded. The number of cinemas spread to 30 till 1911 where Russian, Italian and later American and German films were shown. The Lithuanian cinematography art was founded by Kaunas photographer Vladislovas Starevičius later the art was developed by other talented people most of whom worked in USA.

During the years of independence of Lithuania there were created many films like short farce A Doctor Under Compulsion (1927), Solder – Defender of Lithuania (1928), full-length Onytė and Jonelis (1931) , first sound film The Fatty`s Dream (1938) and other. However, most of these creations did not survive till nowadays. After the Second World War the development of Lithuanian cinema was stopped as the whole process was controlled by soviet government. Cinema theaters were filled with the propaganda soviet films. Lithuanian cinematographs were under strict control as only the soviet chronicles could be created and shifted to the big screens. Then the first film which was advertised as an original Lithuanian was Marytė (1947), but it had nothing in common with Lithuania – it was a production of Moscow film studio “Mosfilm” and only the landscape and names of the main heroes were of Lithuanian origin.

The actors and director were Russians and the main purposes of this and later similar films was to spread the soviet idealism. Luckily, as soon as Stalin died in 1953, the circumstances got softer so the first strong generations of Lithuanian cinematographs could act more various. The main film thematic then was the after war life in villages in soviet Lithuania and the still alive fights between patriots and procommunists. Of course, the Lithuanian nationalism lightly penetrated into the cinema art then and the only concern they had to worry about then was to overcome the censor and to pursuit the commission that scenario was worth to be financed. —way2lithuania.com

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