A reflexive film is a film that makes the audience aware of the filmaking process. Reflexivity is defined by such devices as looking into the camera, taking advantage of two-dimensionality of the screen, or simply making a film about making a film. In other words: A reflexive film is a film with self-awareness.
There are several types of reflexivity in film:
1. Films about the world of cinema.
In Federico Fellini`s “8½” (1963), Spike Joneze`s “Adaptation” (2002), Charlie Kaufman`s “Synecdoche, New York” (2008), Jean-Luc Godard`s “Le mépris” (1963, “Contempt” in...