New generations of filmmakers were able to express their visual ideas on film. Classical Hollywood was declining and rapidly losing money, studios also being sold out to large corporations without any firm knowledge of filmmaking. Studios were merely making films for commercial success, yet for directors of Old Hollywood, such as Alfred Hitchcock, Howard Hawks, John Ford, Orson Welles, and Charlie Chaplin (who were able to make their art despite Hollywood’s satisfaction) wanted desperately to engage the younger generation to keep making films and encourage them not endured the high profit commercialism that was dominating Hollywood.
Some like Roger Corman and Samuel Fuller even challenged the young filmmakers to new levels of technique and independence (documentary or fiction). Others like Stanley Kubrick, Sidney Lumet, and John Cassavetes who were part of the Old System later adapted and were now a part of the New Wave. Incidentally these filmmakers were the first to break out the conventions of Hollywood’s Old System in gaining independence for their films.
Major European filmmakers who were already established as New Wave directors were later part of New Hollywood as well, such as Milos Foreman and Roman Polanski. Among the new faces of acting included Jack Nicholson, Al Pacino, Diane Keaton, Dustin Hoffman, Ellen Burstyn, Robert De Niro, Warren Beatty, the list goes on.
Major Influences: French New Wave, Poetic Realism, Italian Neo-Realism, German Expressionism, Swedish Cinema (consisting mostly European film), Classical Hollywood, Indian New Wave, Japanese CinemaRead less